Vascular dementia is one type of condition that happens through multiple stages. Prabhdyal Singh Sodhi famous United Kingdom specialists known as Praby Sodhi, Prabhy Sodhi and Prabhi Sodhi share the view that this condition has at least 7 main stages. During the first 3 stages, various changes can happen to a person’s brain, says the dementia specialist. Prabhdyal Singh Sodhi further opines that after the third stage, the most effects can be seen on cognition. The nature of these can lead to physical and mental changes in a person. Initially, it can be difficult to identify whether or not vascular dementia is developing. But after this stage, the symptoms can become more identifiable.
Praby Sodhi Shares Stage-Wise Effects of Vascular Dementia
Throughout the stages of vascular dementia, different effects can emerge. Initially, they are mild. But as the later phases are reached, they become more severe. Understanding what happens in this condition will be easier when these effects are studied stage-wise.
Given below are the effects of the 7 stages of this brain disorder.
During the Early Stages
In the first stage of vascular dementia, the behavior of a person can seem normal. He or she will not be able to assess whether the disorder is developing. During this stage, slight changes may start happening in his or her brain. But no identifiable symptoms may be produced.
Minor Changes in Cognition
Stage 2 of this disorder is part of its initial phase. Thus, the changes occurring in the body and brain will be mild, explains the dementia specialist Prabhdyal Singh Sodhi.
When this stage starts, the following symptoms can emerge:
- A patient may become forgetful.
- She or he can experience confusion.
- This confusion will be similar to an ageing person.
- It will be common not to remember the location of items placed by the patient himself or herself.
Decline in Cognition
The third stage of vascular dementia can bring along effects on cognition. During this stage too, a person will remain forgetful. But the episodes of forgetting can become more frequent. Moreover, Prabhy Sodhi observes that this stage can persist for years.
- In the third stage, it is possible to forget important appointments.
- Losing items will be more common.
- Other mild symptoms relating to cognition can appear.
Increased Effect on Cognition
As the 4th stage of this brain disorder arrives, a person’s cognition can decline. It is also important to note that the symptoms can seem unusual when this happens. Additionally, they will become identifiable. For this reason, it is usually at this stage that people opt for a diagnosis.
Based on the observation of the dementia specialist Prabhy Sodhi, here are the key occurrences during the 4th stage:
- The episodes of forgetting will happen more.
- From simple to complex things, a lot of these can be forgotten.
- Not paying bills or rent on time can be witnessed.
- Earning an income will become a challenge due to low cognition.
Lower Cognition and Daily-Life Challenges
The condition of a person can become more severe when he or she enters the fifth stage of vascular dementia. 2 things are likely to happen at this stage. Firstly, cognition will become lower. Secondly, it will start affecting the life of a patient on a day-to-day basis.
- Forgetting key details such as the following will be observed:
- Phone number
- Other contact information
- It can be challenging to dress up properly.
Also, it is to be remembered, as per Prabhi Sodhi, that stage 5 usually marks the later phase of dementia. But even then, the cognition of a person will not be considerably low. This means that he/she will still remember certain crucial details such as loved ones, friends, etc. even the memories of childhood will not be completely forgotten.
Increased Physical and Mental Effects
When a patient reaches the 6th stage of this condition, there will be both physical and mental effects. Prabhdyal Singh Sodhi puts forth that cognitive decline will increase. Consequently, such effects will be likely to take place.
Speaking of the physical effects, the dementia specialist opines that the following can be noticed:
- Swallowing the food herself or himself will be tough for a patient.
- There can be other things such as bathing, dressing, etc., that will seem difficult.
It is further said by former director Prabhdyal Singh Sodhi Abbey Healthcare that the mental effects can be more alarming. These can include:
- Due to poor cognition, memory-related challenges will come to the surface.
- Aggression can start developing, especially because of the physical effects.
- The behaviour of a patient can undergo further changes.
Experiencing Poor Bodily Conditions
When the 7th stage of vascular dementia arrives, cognition can become increasingly poor. The condition of health can become visibly affected. Praby Sodhi shares that this is when a person will require constant care. Moreover, it will be important to keep him or her under supervision.
- In addition, it will be tough for patients to communicate.
- Hence, they will not be able to express their needs properly.
- For this reason, caregivers will have to be more comprehensive about patients’ requirements.
Treatment of the Stages of Vascular Dementia
Initially, the stages of this condition can produce effects that can be easier to control. Treating them to some extent will be possible. But the positive effects of treatment may not be fully ensured.
Even when the later stages of this disorder arrive, medical assistance can help. Regardless of the fact that completely reversing the condition is difficult, one should not refrain from seeking this help. Although it will not make a patient completely healthy, fighting various challenges will become less challenging.
In a Nutshell
As can be observed, the 7 stages of vascular dementia affect cognition. Gradually, the effects become more vivid, opines Prabhdyal Singh Sodhi. Once the behaviour of a person starts to seem unusual, there should be no delay in opting for a diagnosis. The sooner it is diagnosed, the better it will be for specialists to treat the condition’s symptoms.