Gum hyperpigmentation

Dark Gums

Gum hyperpigmentation: why your gums may be turning dark.

If you’ve notice dark spots or blotches on your gums, you’re not alone. Known as “dark gums” or gum hyperpigmentation, this condition affects hundreds of thousands of people and can be quite concerning. In this blog post, we’ll take a look at the causes of gum hyperpigmentation, as well as how it can be treate.

Gum hyperpigmentation, also known as dark gums or black gums, is cause by the overproduction of melanin in the gums. Melanin is the pigment that gives our skin and gums their natural color. This condition can be cause by a number of factors including genetics, trauma, medications, environmental factors, and hormonal changes. It is most commonly seen in individuals with darker skin tones due to increase melanin production.

Dark Gums
Dark Gums

Causes of gum hyperpigmentation

Other potential causes include periodontal disease, gingival inflammation due to poor oral hygiene, and smoking. Some medications can also contribute to gum hyperpigmentation such as certain antibiotics, anti-seizure medications, and even some vitamins.

Gum hyperpigmentation can also occur due to a condition call gingival depigmentation. This occurs when the natural melanin in the gums is remove. This can happen after aggressive brushing or flossing, as well as certain cosmetic dental procedures. These procedures may include scaling, root planing, and gum surgery.

It is important to note that there are other conditions that can cause dark gums such as melanoma, lichen planus, and oral cancer. If you have dark gums, it is important to see your dentist for a proper diagnosis.

Treatment for gum hyperpigmentation

Gum hyperpigmentation, also known as dark gums, is a condition where the gums become darker in color. There are several treatment options available for those suffering from this condition. The most common treatment is known as Gingival Depigmentation, which involves removing the darker pigmented cells from the gum line. This is typically done with laser therapy or using chemical agents to lighten the area. In addition to Gingival Depigmentation, there are other treatment options such as topical treatments and medications that can help reduce black gums. Topical treatments typically involve applying a bleaching solution directly to the gums in order to lighten them. Medications such as retinoids and hydroquinone have also been use to treat gum hyperpigmentation. It’s important to talk to your dentist or doctor before starting any type of treatment in order to determine the best option for you.

Prevention of gum hyperpigmentation

Gum hyperpigmentation is an issue that many people face, with dark gums or black gums being the most common symptom. Thankfully, there are ways to prevent the development of gum hyperpigmentation.

First and foremost, regular dental hygiene practices such as brushing, flossing and using mouthwash are essential in preventing the buildup of plaque and tartar on the teeth and gums which can cause gum hyperpigmentation. Additionally, maintaining a healthy diet that is low in sugar and acids can help reduce the risk of developing this condition.

It is also important to avoid smoking or other activities that can irritate your gums, such as biting on pencils or chewing on ice. If you already have gum hyperpigmentation, it is recommend that you consult your dentist for advice on how to prevent further discoloration.

For those who are already suffering from dark gums or black gums, they may benefit from a procedure call gingival depigmentation. This involves the removal of a layer of tissue over the gums, which can help lighten their appearance and make them appear healthier. The process is usually done under local anesthetic and can be carry out in a single visit to the dentist.

Overall, gum hyperpigmentation is an issue that many people face and should be taken seriously. Following proper oral hygiene practices and avoiding activities that can damage the gums can help reduce the risk of developing this condition, while seeking professional advice from a dentist can help to treat it.

Dark Gums
Dark Gums

What causes gums to be dark?

Dark gums, also known as gum hyperpigmentation or black gums, are a relatively common condition that affects many people. The most noticeable symptom is dark spots or blotches on the gums that can range in size and color. The cause of dark gums can be varied, and can include genetics, smoking, poor oral hygiene, medications, or medical conditions.

Gingival depigmentation is a medical term use to describe dark gums, and is typically cause by a buildup of melanin in the gums. Melanin is a pigment produce by the body’s melanocytes and gives our skin, eyes and hair its color. In some cases, the melanocytes produce more melanin than usual, leading to discoloration of the gums.

Smoking can also contribute to gum hyperpigmentation, as the chemicals and toxins present in cigarettes can increase the production of melanin in the gums. Poor oral hygiene can also lead to dark gums as it increases the risk of infections and inflammation, both of which can increase melanin production in the gums. Certain medications can also contribute to the problem, as some drugs are known to increase the production of melanin in the body. Finally, certain medical conditions such as vitiligo, Addison’s disease and Albinism can also cause dark gums.

In conclusion, there are many potential causes of dark gums. In order to properly treat this condition, it is important to first determine the underlying cause.

How can I get rid of dark gums?

If you have dark gums, also known as gum hyperpigmentation, you may be wondering what can be done to get rid of them. Gingival depigmentation is the medical term for a procedure which can lighten dark gums. This procedure is often use to remove black gums which are cause by excess melanin deposits.

The gingival depigmentation procedure involves the use of a laser or scalpel to remove the affect tissue. The procedure is typically done in one or two visits to the dentist and is consider a safe and effective way to lighten dark gums. In some cases, the dentist may prescribe a medication to reduce the amount of melanin in the gums prior to the procedure.

It’s important to understand that gingival depigmentation is not a permanent solution and the dark spots may come back over time. However, it’s a great way to improve your smile and make your gums look lighter. Be sure to discuss any concerns you have with your dentist before beginning this procedure.


Dark gums or gum hyperpigmentation can be an alarming symptom for many people. While it is typically harmless, it may be a sign of an underlying medical condition that should be address. Fortunately, there are treatment options available, such as gingival depigmentation, to help reduce the darkness of the gums. Additionally, prevention strategies such as proper oral hygiene can help reduce the risk of developing black gums. By understanding the causes and treatments available, you can keep your gums looking healthy and pink.